1Interventional cardiologist, Atherosclerosis Prevention Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2Cardiology resident, Cardiology Department, Imam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3Mashhad University of Medical Sciences
Rheumatic fever (RF) is a prevalent healthcare problem in developing countries. Recurrence of this disorder often can be seen in older young and children and is not frequent in older age. RF can mimic the presentations of infective endocarditis and clinicians is not really familiar with this issue. We showed a case of recurrent acute rheumatic fever in a patient was suspicious to acute bacterial endocarditis due to her previous RF. She finally was definitively diagnosed and underwent valvular replacement surgery and received prophylaxis antibiotic beside regular follow up.