Document Type : Case Report
Thoracic Surgeon, Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Egypt. Madinah Cardiac Center, King Fahad Hospital, Madinah, KSA.
Pulmonary pneumatoceles (PCs) are thin-walled, air-filled cysts that develop within pulmonary parenchyma. PCs are usually seen in the lung after infection, trauma. In case of infection, as a complication of acute pneumonia, caused by Staphylococcus aureus, and are more frequently in infants and children. Adult tuberculous pulmonary pneumatoceles are seldom reported. PCs are usually asymptomatic. Large PCs may compress adjacent lung with mediastinal shift causing respiratory or cardiovascular symptoms. Surgical intervention is only indicated when PCs cause cardiopulmonary compromise or rupture into the pleural space or unresolved infection.