Infective Endocarditis after Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement on Top of Biological Mitral Valve: A Case Report

Document Type : Case Report


1 Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Egypt.

2 Madinah Cardiac Center, Adult Cardiac Surgery Department, Madinah, Saudi Arabia.

3 King Salman Heart Center, King Fahd Medical City, Adult Cardiac Surgery Department, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.


Infective endocarditis (IE) is lethal complications inspite of advanced antibiotics. Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) complications are dehiscence, paravalvular leak, perivalvular abscess, heart failure, persistent fever, positive blood culture and presence of vegetation. Therefore, the diagnosis is confirmed by clinical findings, blood cultures, and echo data according to Duke’s criteria. Surgery in those cases are life-saving when indicated, despite it carries high risk mortality especially after stroke. 


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