A Case Report of Recurrent Rheumatic Fever: Considerations and Comments

Document Type : Case Report


1 Interventional cardiologist, Atherosclerosis Prevention Research Center, Imam Reza Hospital, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2 Clinician Scientist of Cardiology, Pharmaceutical Research Division, Booali Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Cardiology Resident, Department, Imam Reza Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran


Rheumatic fever (RF) is a prevalent healthcare problem in the developing countries. Recurrence of this disorder is often observed in childhood and adolescence. RF can mimic the presentations of infective endocarditis, and clinicians are not really familiar with this issue. Herein, we present a case of recurrent acute rheumatic fever in a patient suspicious of acute bacterial endocarditis due to her previous RF. Finally, she was definitively diagnosed and underwent valvular replacement surgery and received prophylaxis antibiotics besides regular follow-up


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